What is an Analytical Balance?
Analytical balances refer to balances with a measurement accuracy of 0.1 mg (0.0001g) and 0.01 mg (0.00001g). Unlike precision balances, analytical balances can be used in laboratories and research institutes that require high weight precision due to their higher measurement accuracy.
In addition to the balance main body, the components of the analytical balance include a draft shield, weighing pan, level indicator, and RS232 interface, as well as a calibration weight, power cords and other accessories.
There are two main types of weighing sensors used on analytical balances: resistance strain sensors and electromagnetic force sensors.
Resistance strain sensors are widely used in precision balances and partial precision analytical balances. The principle is that the strain gauge pasted on the elastic body surface of the sensor produces elastic deformation under the action of external force, and the resistance value changes. The Stone Bridge converts the resistance signal into a voltage signal to obtain the weight value. The advantages of resistance strain sensors are that they are simple structures, have a lower cost, and provide good stability. The disadvantage is that the weight of the sample is relatively high, that is, the sensor may be damaged when measuring samples that exceed the upper limit of the balance range.
Electromagnetic force sensors are widely used in analytical balances. The basic principle is that when gravity is applied to the weighing pan, the lever under the weighing pan drives the coil connected to it to move in the magnetic field, and the coil is energized to cut the magnetic field, thereby generating electromagnetic force, and then converting the current into a weight value. The electromagnetic force sensor is characterized by a wide range of applicable accuracy, which can measure up to 10-8 g.
We know that it needs to be weight-calibrated during the use of the balance. The purpose of calibration is to reduce the impact of non-calibration on the measurement results and make the measurement results more accurate.
Since the birth of the balance, the most commonly used and most reliable calibration method is external calibration, that is, placing an external weight on the weighing pan to calibrate its weight.
However, in recent years, some analytical balances have begun to use internal calibration methods for weight calibration. The calibration weight is placed inside the balances when they are manufactured. Customers only need to click the calibration button on the balance plate when using them, and the balance can be automatically calibrated. In addition, U.S. Solid's USS-DBS4-Series Analytical Balance can also be set to auto-calibrate at regular intervals, which means it is automatically calibrated every 10 minutes, 30 minutes or 1 hour in the pre-set case.
In addition to its own main weighing functions, analytical balances generally have derivative functions such as counting and percentage weighing. The counting function is mainly used to count a certain number of small components of the same weight. The principle is to calculate the weight of a single sample by weighing several samples, and then weigh out the weight of all samples to be counted and then calculate the number of these samples.
The use of percentage weighing is as the name implies, by weighing two samples separately, and then calculating the percentage of the weight of one sample to the weight of the other sample. The above two functions can be applied to chemistry and pharmacy.
The RS232 interface equipped with the balance is a port which is able to transmit measurement data to the computer when connected, and similarly, the interface can be connected to a dedicated printer to print the data.